The diversity of the landscape and climate in Canada makes it a hub for natural calamities, and Canadians are not new when it comes to emergency preparedness. Emergency kits are mandatory to have in the workplace; survival home kit is a must for residential areas. Read on to know more about the common natural calamities that occur in Canada and how to prepare for it.
- Earthquake Preparedness: Protecting Yourself from the Aftermath
- Emergency Kit_ What You Truly Need For An Impending Natural Disaster
- 1 Top 3 Natural Calamities in Canada
- 1.1 Floods
- 1.2 Earthquakes
- 1.3 Avalanches
- 2 What Should Be Inside and Emergency Kit?
Top 3 Natural Calamities in Canada
Any time of the year, flooding occurs in Canada due to heavy torrential rains in the summer, melting down of thick snow packs during spring, or when a man-made dam breaks (which happens very rarely, but possibly). Though everyone is affected by this, extreme flooding is mostly experienced in the areas of Quebec, Ontario, and the south of British Columbia.
Preparations Before the Floods
If there’s any forecast about flooding, remove all electrical plugs before everything gets wet. Move all documents and furnitures to higher levels to avoid destruction. To minimize the rush of water inside your home, you can place sandbags in front of doors and openings to serve as protective barriers.
It is important to have emergency kits at your disposal – at home, at the office, and even in your car. Having a 72 hour survival kit will give you enough supplies to get through until everything is sorted out.
There are plenty of sellers where you can purchase 72-hr emergency preparedness kits. These kits are convenient products to have. They are also already complete with the essential things so you won’t need to worry if you missed out something important. One supplier that stands out among the rest is 72 Hours Survival & First Aid. Check out their site and see for yourself the different emergency kits they have for different emergency situations.
Preparations During the Floods
Keep your 72 hour emergency kit near you. Make sure to listen to the radio to hear announcements whether you need to vacate your place or not. If you don’t have a radio, get yourself Deluxe Emergency Survival Kits in 72Hours Survival & First Aid. Their Deluxe Emergency Survival Kit has everything you’ll need, from food and water to flashlights, radios, and chargers. It’s the best 72 hour emergency kit in Canada. Remember not to cross flooded roads, underpasses, and bridges, especially when the water is gushing quickly.
Preparations After the Floods
Make sure that you return home safely, once authorities deem it safe to do so. Restore everything in good order. Don’t use appliances which were not unplugged during the floods. Flood water is dirty and could be full of disease-carrying objects that could lead to infections; make sure that your house is decontaminated before living in it to protect your health. Restock on your survival home kit if you’ve used it all up.
Canada experiences about 5,000 small earthquakes in a year. The four areas most prone to earthquakes are the West Coast (Vancouver and Victoria), Mackenzie Valley, Eastern Arctic Islands, and the southeastern part of Canada (Ottawa and St. Lawrence Valleys).
Though the earthquakes are small in magnitude, it’s important to be knowledgeable in earthquake preparedness. Some earthquakes can really do a lot of damage, so having the best earthquake kit in Vancouver in your arsenal will help you and your family get through this calamity.
Preparations Before an Earthquake
There’s no telling whether an earthquake will happen tomorrow or in the next two months; this is why having earthquake kits and other emergency kit supplies in your home is of utmost importance.
As a proactive preparation, make sure that everything in your house is built sturdily. Do not hang heavy materials over your beds. Secure heavy furniture and appliances properly and don’t store heavy items on top shelves. Don’t shut off gas equipment unless there’s a leak.
Preparations During an Earthquake
The most important thing to do during an earthquake, wherever you may be, is to take cover. Stay in that safe place until the shaking stops. However, certain measures are done in certain situations:
When You’re Indoors
- DROP to the ground, particularly under any heavy furniture such as a desk
- COVER yourself, especially your torso up to your head to prevent being hit by falling debris
- HOLD onto that position and stay covered under the heavy furniture
- Make sure to have your earthquake preparedness kit near you
When You’re Outdoors
- Stay away from buildings
- Take cover and don’t get trampled in the crowds
- Follow the DROP, COVER, and HOLD tip
When You’re In A Vehicle
- Pull over to a safe spot and stay covered
- If you’re stuck, place a “HELP” sign on your window and wait
- Follow the DROP, COVER, and HOLD tip
What To Avoid
- Windows, shelves, and light fixtures
- Doorways and elevators
- Downed power lines
Preparations After an Earthquake
The first thing you need to do is to stay calm. You need to be in a stable state of mind to be aware of your surroundings and to prepare yourself for possible aftershocks. If you can, help others who are in need of assistance. Get the radio from your earthquake preparedness kit to listen to updates and instructions from authorities. Check your house for any damages and hazards. Be prepared for any secondary effects such as flooding and tsunamis by having your 72 hour survival kit near you.
Avalanches mostly occur in the mountains of British Columbia, in Yukon, and in Albert, and thousands of avalanches happen yearly. It takes place when a heap of ice or snow breaks and slides downhill. Avalanches are either triggered by nature (rain, warm temperatures, earthquakes), or by man (skiers, hikers, vibration from machinery).
Preparations Before an Avalanche
You need to take an emergency preparedness course if you decide to travel in the backcountry, and make sure to travel in groups. In the car, store a 72 hour survival kit in case of emergency. Don’t even attempt to drive through road closures and keep an eye on the “AVALANCHE AREA – DO NOT STOP” sign.
Preparations During an Avalanche
If you’re hiking, make sure to have a 72 hour backpack with you. It contains emergency kit supplies that will last up to 72 hours. If you get caught in an avalanche, keep heavy objects away from you and grab onto anything solid to avoid being swept away. When the avalanche slows down, try to push yourself towards the surface. And when it stops, dig yourself out if you can, relax and breathe rhythmically, and shout for help only when there is any.
What Should Be Inside and Emergency Kit?
To help you survive any kind of natural calamities, ensure that your emergency kit supplies are complete with the following necessities:
- Food and water
- Hand-crank or battery-operated radio
- Extra batteries
- First aid kit
- Personal sanitation items
- Sleeping bag
All you need (and more!) for your safety and your family’s is available here. Make sure to have a 72 hour backpack in your home, car, and workplace. Always remember that in the face of disaster no one is ever ready, but being prepared will surely increase your chance of survival.